Creating an AWS VPC using Terraform allows you to define and manage your network infrastructure as code.
This article provides a step-by-step guide on how to create an AWS VPC using Terraform, covering the overview of AWS VPC, setting up an AWS account, understanding VPC components, creating a VPC, connecting to VPC, managing VPC resources, and best practices for AWS VPC.
- AWS VPC allows you to create a virtual network in the AWS cloud.
- Terraform is a popular infrastructure as a code tool for managing AWS resources.
- VPC components include VPC, subnets, route tables, internet gateway, NAT gateway, security groups, and network ACLs.
- Creating a VPC involves defining the VPC CIDR block, creating subnets, configuring route tables, attaching an internet gateway, setting up security groups, and configuring network ACLs.
- Connecting to a VPC can be done through VPC peering, VPN connection, or Direct Connect.
What is AWS VPC?
Overview of AWS VPC
AWS VPC (Virtual Private Cloud) is a virtual network that allows you to provision a logically isolated section of the AWS Cloud.
It provides you with complete control over your virtual networking environment, including selection of your IP address range, creation of subnets, and configuration of route tables and network gateways.
Some key benefits of using AWS VPC include:
- Security: AWS VPC allows you to define security groups and network ACLs to control inbound and outbound traffic, providing a secure environment for your resources.
- Scalability: With AWS VPC, you can easily scale your resources up or down based on your needs, ensuring that your applications can handle increased traffic or demand.
- Connectivity: AWS VPC allows you to connect your VPC to your on-premises data center or other VPCs using VPC peering, VPN connections, or Direct Connect.
Implementing AWS VPC effectively requires a good understanding of its components and how they work together. Let’s dive deeper into these components in the following sections.
Benefits of using AWS VPC
Using AWS VPC provides several benefits for managing your infrastructure:
- Isolation: VPC allows you to isolate your resources and control access to them, providing a secure environment for your applications.
- Customization: You can customize your VPC by defining your IP address range, subnets, and routing tables, giving you full control over your network configuration.
- Scalability: VPC allows you to easily scale your infrastructure by adding or removing resources as needed without impacting other parts of your network.
- Connectivity: With VPC, you can establish secure connections between your VPC and other networks, such as on-premises data centers or other VPCs.
- Cost Optimization: By using VPC, you can optimize costs by only paying for the resources you actually use and taking advantage of AWS’s pricing models and cost-saving features.
- Flexibility: VPC provides a flexible platform for deploying a wide range of applications, from simple web servers to complex multi-tier architectures.
Setting up AWS Account
Creating an AWS Account
To create an AWS account, follow these steps:
- Go to the AWS website and click on the ‘Create an AWS Account’ button.
- Provide the required information, such as your email address, password, and payment method.
- Verify your email address by clicking on the verification link sent to your email.
- Choose a support plan that best suits your needs.
- Configure your IAM roles and permissions to manage access to your AWS resources.
Note: It is important to choose a strong password and enable multi-factor authentication (MFA) for added security.
Tip: Keep your AWS account credentials secure and regularly rotate your access keys to prevent unauthorized access.
Configuring IAM Roles and Permissions
When configuring IAM roles and permissions for your AWS account, it is important to follow best practices to ensure proper security and access control. Here are some key points to consider:
- Use the principle of least privilege: Grant only the permissions necessary for each user or role to perform their specific tasks. This helps minimize the potential impact of a compromised account.
- Implement multi-factor authentication (MFA): Require users to authenticate using a second factor, such as a mobile app or hardware token, in addition to their password. This adds an extra layer of security to prevent unauthorized access.
- Regularly review and update permissions: Periodically review the permissions assigned to users and roles to ensure they are still necessary and appropriate. Remove any unnecessary permissions to reduce the attack surface.
Tip: Consider using AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) Access Analyzer to help identify unintended access to your resources.
- Enable logging and monitoring: Enable AWS CloudTrail to log all API activity and use Amazon CloudWatch to monitor and alert on suspicious or unauthorized activity.
- Follow the principle of separation of duties: Separate administrative tasks from day-to-day operational tasks to reduce the risk of accidental or malicious actions.
- Document and communicate: Document your IAM policies and communicate them to all relevant stakeholders to ensure everyone understands their roles and responsibilities.
Understanding VPC Components
A Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) is a logically isolated section of the AWS cloud where you can launch AWS resources in a virtual network that you define.
It provides you with complete control over your virtual networking environment, including selection of your IP address range, creation of subnets, and configuration of route tables and network gateways.
Some key components of a VPC include:
- Subnets: These are subdivisions of a VPC’s IP address range that can be used to isolate resources.
- Route Tables: These determine how network traffic is directed within the VPC.
- Internet Gateway: This allows communication between the VPC and the internet.
- NAT Gateway: This allows resources within the VPC to access the internet while remaining private.
- Security Groups: These act as virtual firewalls to control inbound and outbound traffic to resources.
- Network ACLs: These provide an additional layer of security by controlling traffic at the subnet level.
When creating a VPC, you will define the CIDR block, create subnets, configure route tables, attach an internet gateway, configure a NAT gateway, set up security groups, and configure network ACLs.
Subnets are a key component of AWS VPC. They are used to divide the VPC’s IP address range into smaller, manageable segments.
Each subnet represents a distinct availability zone within the selected region. Subnets provide the foundation for deploying resources such as EC2 instances, RDS databases, and Lambda functions within the VPC.
When creating subnets, consider the following:
- Size: Determine the appropriate size for each subnet based on the number of resources you plan to deploy in that subnet.
- Availability Zones: Distribute subnets across multiple availability zones to ensure high availability and fault tolerance.
- Routing: Configure route tables to control the traffic flow between subnets and to the internet.
Tip: It is recommended to use separate subnets for different types of resources to enhance security and network segmentation.
By carefully planning and configuring subnets, you can effectively organize and manage your resources within the VPC.
Route tables are used to determine where network traffic is directed within a VPC. They contain a set of rules, called routes, that specify the destination for traffic based on its destination IP address.
Each subnet within a VPC is associated with a route table, and all traffic within that subnet follows the routes defined in the associated route table.
Route tables are an essential component of a VPC and play a crucial role in controlling network traffic. They allow you to define how traffic flows between subnets, the internet, and other connected networks.
To configure a route table, you can use the Terraform AWS provider to define the routes and their destinations. You can also specify any additional options, such as the next hop or the type of traffic allowed.
Here is an example of a route table configuration using Terraform:
|Destination CIDR Block
In this example, the first route directs all traffic with a destination IP address outside of the VPC to the internet gateway. The second route directs traffic within the VPC’s CIDR block to the local network.
Remember to regularly review and update your route tables to ensure they reflect your desired network traffic flow and security requirements.
An Internet Gateway is a horizontally scalable, highly available, and fully managed AWS service that allows communication between your VPC and the Internet. It serves as the entry and exit point for traffic going in and out of your VPC.
To enable internet connectivity for your VPC, you need to attach an Internet Gateway to your VPC. Once attached, the Internet Gateway provides a target for internet-bound traffic from your VPC subnets.
Here are some key points to remember about Internet Gateways:
- Internet Gateways are stateful, which means they keep track of the state of connections and allow the return traffic to flow back to the source.
- Each VPC can have only one Internet Gateway attached to it.
- Internet Gateways are not associated with any specific subnet; they are associated with the entire VPC.
Tip: When creating a VPC, make sure to attach an Internet Gateway to enable Internet connectivity for your resources.
A NAT Gateway is a highly available AWS-managed service that allows instances in a private subnet to connect to the internet or other AWS services but prevents the Internet from initiating connections with those instances. It acts as a gateway for outbound traffic, allowing instances in private subnets to access the internet while keeping them secure.
To configure a NAT Gateway, follow these steps:
- Create a NAT Gateway in the public subnet.
- Associate an Elastic IP address with the NAT Gateway.
- Update the route table of the private subnet to route traffic through the NAT Gateway.
Tip: It is recommended to use a NAT Gateway instead of a NAT instance for better scalability, availability, and maintenance.
Using a NAT Gateway simplifies the setup and management of outbound internet connectivity for your VPC.
Security groups are an essential component of AWS VPC. They act as virtual firewalls that control inbound and outbound traffic for instances within the VPC.
By defining rules, you can allow or deny specific types of traffic based on protocols, ports, and IP addresses.
When configuring security groups, it is important to follow best practices to ensure the security of your VPC. Here are some key considerations:
- Limit access: Only allow necessary inbound and outbound traffic to minimize the attack surface.
- Use separate security groups: Assign different security groups to different instances based on their roles and security requirements.
- Regularly review and update rules: Periodically review and update security group rules to adapt to changing requirements and address any potential vulnerabilities.
Tip: Avoid using overly permissive rules that allow unrestricted access. Instead, follow the principle of least privilege to restrict access to only what is necessary.
By following these best practices, you can enhance the security of your AWS VPC and protect your resources from unauthorized access.
Network ACLs are a powerful tool for controlling inbound and outbound traffic in your VPC.
They act as a firewall at the subnet level, allowing you to define rules that determine which traffic is allowed or denied.
Inbound and outbound rules can be configured to control traffic based on IP addresses, protocols, and ports.
When configuring Network ACLs, it is important to keep the following points in mind:
- Network ACLs are stateless, which means that you need to define both inbound and outbound rules separately.
- Rules are evaluated in order, starting from the lowest numbered rule.
- Network ACLs can be associated with multiple subnets, allowing you to apply the same set of rules to multiple subnets.
Tip: When defining rules for Network ACLs, it is recommended to start with a default rule that denies all traffic and then add specific rules to allow the desired traffic. This helps ensure that only the necessary traffic is allowed and improves the security of your VPC.
By properly configuring Network ACLs, you can have fine-grained control over the traffic flowing in and out of your VPC, enhancing the security and performance of your AWS infrastructure.
Creating a VPC
Defining VPC CIDR Block
When creating a VPC, one of the first steps is to define the VPC CIDR block. The CIDR block determines the range of IP addresses that can be used within the VPC.
It is important to choose a CIDR block that is large enough to accommodate the expected number of resources but not too large to waste IP addresses.
To define the VPC CIDR block, follow these steps:
- Determine the number of IP addresses needed for your VPC. Consider the number of instances, subnets, and other resources that will be deployed.
- Choose a CIDR block that provides enough IP addresses. The CIDR block should be in the form of x.x.x.x/n, where n is the number of bits used for the network portion of the IP address.
- Avoid overlapping CIDR blocks with other VPCs or networks to prevent routing conflicts.
Tip: It is recommended to use a CIDR block that allows for future growth and avoids potential IP address exhaustion.
Once the VPC CIDR block is defined, you can proceed with creating the subnets, configuring route tables, and setting up other VPC components.
When creating subnets in AWS VPC, there are a few important considerations to keep in mind:
- CIDR Blocks: Each subnet must have a unique CIDR block within the VPC’s CIDR range. This ensures that there is no overlap between subnets.
- Availability Zones: Subnets are associated with specific availability zones within a region. It is recommended to spread subnets across multiple availability zones for high availability and fault tolerance.
- Routing: Each subnet needs to be associated with a route table. This determines how traffic is routed within the VPC and to external networks.
- Security: Subnets can be associated with security groups and network ACLs to control inbound and outbound traffic. It is important to configure appropriate security measures to protect resources within the subnet.
- Naming Convention: It is good practice to have a consistent naming convention for subnets, making it easier to manage and identify them.
Remember to plan and design your subnets carefully to meet your specific requirements.
Configuring Route Tables
When configuring route tables in AWS VPC, there are a few important considerations to keep in mind:
- Default Route Table: Every VPC is automatically associated with a default route table, which controls the traffic between subnets within the VPC. It is recommended to review and modify the default route table as per your specific requirements.
- Custom Route Tables: In addition to the default route table, you can create custom route tables to control the traffic flow between subnets or to connect your VPC to other networks. Custom route tables provide more flexibility and allow you to define specific routing rules.
- Route Propagation: Route propagation allows you to propagate routes from a virtual private gateway or a transit gateway to the route tables in your VPC. This feature is useful when connecting your VPC to other networks, such as on-premises data centers or other VPCs.
- Route Priority: When multiple routes match a destination, the route with the highest priority is used. It is important to carefully configure the route priority to ensure the desired traffic flow.
Tip: Regularly review and update your route tables to ensure optimal network connectivity and security.
Attaching Internet Gateway
After creating the VPC and subnets, the next step is to attach an Internet Gateway to the VPC. This allows communication between the VPC and the internet. To attach an Internet Gateway, follow these steps:
- Open the AWS Management Console and navigate to the VPC service.
- Select the VPC you want to attach to the Internet Gateway.
- Click on the ‘Actions‘ button and choose ‘Attach Internet Gateway‘.
- Select the Internet Gateway from the dropdown menu.
- Click on the ‘Attach‘ button to attach the Internet Gateway to the VPC.
Tip: Make sure to configure the appropriate route tables to enable internet access for the subnets within the VPC.
Once the Internet Gateway is attached, the VPC will have Internet connectivity, allowing resources within the VPC to communicate with the Internet and vice versa.
Configuring NAT Gateway
After creating the VPC and subnets, the next step is to configure the NAT Gateway. The NAT Gateway allows instances within private subnets to access the internet while keeping them secure. To configure the NAT Gateway, follow these steps:
- Navigate to the AWS Management Console and open the VPC service.
- In the navigation pane, select ‘NAT Gateways‘ and click on ‘Create NAT Gateway.‘
- Choose the appropriate VPC and subnet for the NAT Gateway.
- Allocate an Elastic IP address for the NAT Gateway.
- Review the configuration and click on ‘Create NAT Gateway.’
Tip: It is recommended to create a NAT Gateway in each availability zone for high availability and fault tolerance.
Once the NAT Gateway is created, it can be associated with the private subnets to enable internet access for instances within those subnets.
Setting up Security Groups
When setting up security groups for your AWS VPC, it is important to consider the following:
- Inbound and Outbound Rules: Define the rules for inbound and outbound traffic to control access to your resources. Make sure to only allow necessary traffic and restrict access to sensitive resources.
- Port and Protocol Configuration: Specify the ports and protocols that are allowed for communication. This helps ensure that only the required traffic is allowed and helps prevent unauthorized access.
- Security Group Associations: Associate security groups with the appropriate resources to control access. This allows you to define granular access controls for different resources.
Tip: Regularly review and update your security group rules to ensure they align with your security requirements and best practices.
It is recommended to follow these best practices when setting up security groups to enhance the security of your AWS VPC.
Configuring Network ACLs
When configuring Network ACLs in AWS VPC, there are a few important considerations to keep in mind:
- Inbound and Outbound Rules: Network ACLs act as a firewall for controlling traffic in and out of subnets. Make sure to define both inbound and outbound rules to allow or deny specific types of traffic.
- Rule Evaluation Order: Network ACL rules are evaluated in order, starting with the lowest numbered rule. It’s important to carefully plan the order of rules to ensure the desired traffic flow.
- Stateful vs Stateless: Unlike security groups, Network ACLs are stateless, meaning that you need to define both inbound and outbound rules for each desired traffic flow.
- Logging and Monitoring: Enable logging on your Network ACLs to capture important information about traffic patterns and potential security threats.
- Testing and Validation: Before applying Network ACL rules, thoroughly test and validate them to ensure they are working as intended.
- Documentation and Maintenance: Keep documentation of your Network ACL configurations and regularly review and update them as your network requirements evolve.
Connecting to VPC
VPC peering allows you to connect two VPCs together, enabling communication between them using private IP addresses.
This can be useful in scenarios where you have multiple VPCs in different regions or accounts and need to establish connectivity between them.
To set up VPC peering, follow these steps:
- Identify the VPCs that you want to peer. Ensure that they are in the same AWS account or in different accounts with the appropriate peering permissions.
- Configure the route tables in each VPC to allow traffic between the peered VPCs.
- Accept the peering connection request in the target VPC.
Note: VPC peering is a one-to-one relationship and does not support transitive peering. If you need to connect multiple VPCs, you will need to establish separate peering connections between each pair of VPCs.
Tip: When setting up VPC peering, consider the security implications and ensure that the appropriate security groups and network ACLs are in place to control traffic between the peered VPCs.
A VPN connection allows you to securely connect your on-premises network to your AWS VPC. It provides an encrypted tunnel for transmitting data between your network and the VPC. To set up a VPN connection, follow these steps:
- Configure the customer gateway, which represents your on-premises VPN device.
- Create a virtual private gateway, which is the VPN endpoint on the AWS side.
- Create a VPN connection and associate it with the customer gateway and virtual private gateway.
- Configure the routing to allow traffic between your on-premises network and the VPC.
Tip: Ensure that the IP address ranges of your on-premises network and VPC do not overlap to avoid any connectivity issues.
By setting up a VPN connection, you can securely extend your on-premises network to the AWS cloud and access resources within your VPC.
Direct Connect is a dedicated network connection between your on-premises data center and AWS.
It provides a private and secure connection, bypassing the public internet, for improved performance and reduced latency.
Direct Connect is ideal for organizations that require a consistent and reliable connection to AWS resources.
To set up a Direct Connect connection, follow these steps:
- Provision a Direct Connect connection by selecting a Direct Connect location and specifying the desired bandwidth.
- Establish a virtual interface to connect your on-premises network to the Direct Connect connection.
- Configure routing to direct traffic between your on-premises network and AWS resources.
Tip: When configuring routing, it’s important to consider the traffic patterns and optimize the routing tables for efficient data transfer.
For more information, refer to the AWS Direct Connect documentation.
Managing VPC Resources
Scaling a VPC allows you to accommodate the growth of your infrastructure and ensure optimal performance. Here are some key considerations for scaling your VPC:
- Evaluate your current VPC resources – Before scaling, assess your existing VPC resources and identify any bottlenecks or areas of improvement.
- Increase the size of your VPC CIDR block – If you anticipate a significant increase in the number of resources in your VPC, you may need to expand the CIDR block to avoid IP address exhaustion.
- Add more subnets – As your infrastructure grows, you may need to create additional subnets to distribute your resources across multiple availability zones.
- Implement VPC peering – VPC peering allows you to connect multiple VPCs, enabling resource sharing and simplifying network management.
- Monitor and optimize performance – Regularly monitor your VPC’s performance and make adjustments as needed to ensure efficient resource utilization.
- Consider using AWS Auto Scaling – If your workload requires dynamic scaling, consider using AWS Auto Scaling to automatically adjust the capacity of your resources based on demand.
Remember, scaling your VPC should be done carefully to avoid any disruptions to your existing infrastructure.
Monitoring your VPC is crucial to ensure its performance and security. By monitoring your VPC, you can identify any issues or anomalies and take appropriate actions to resolve them. Here are some key aspects to consider when monitoring your VPC:
- Network Traffic: Monitor the incoming and outgoing network traffic to identify any unusual patterns or spikes in traffic volume. This can help you detect potential security breaches or performance issues.
- Resource Utilization: Keep track of the resource utilization within your VPC, such as CPU usage, memory usage, and storage capacity. This can help you optimize resource allocation and identify any bottlenecks.
- Security Events: Monitor for security events within your VPC, such as unauthorized access attempts or unusual network activity. Implement logging and alerting mechanisms to promptly respond to any security incidents.
- Performance Metrics: Monitor performance metrics, such as latency and throughput, to ensure optimal network performance. Identify any performance bottlenecks and take necessary actions to improve performance.
- Automated Monitoring: Implement automated monitoring tools and services to continuously monitor your VPC. This can help you proactively identify and resolve any issues before they impact your applications or users.
Remember, monitoring your VPC is an ongoing process. Regularly review and analyze the monitoring data to ensure the health and security of your VPC.
When working with AWS VPC, it’s important to be familiar with common troubleshooting techniques to quickly resolve any issues that may arise. Here are some tips to help you troubleshoot VPC-related problems:
1. Check VPC Configuration: Verify that your VPC is properly configured with the correct CIDR block, subnets, route tables, and security groups. Any misconfiguration can lead to connectivity issues.
2. Review Network ACLs and Security Groups: Ensure that your network ACLs and security groups are correctly configured to allow the necessary inbound and outbound traffic. Incorrect rules can block or restrict access to resources.
3. Check Route Tables: Verify that the route tables are properly configured to route traffic between subnets and to the internet gateway. Incorrect routing can cause connectivity problems.
4. Monitor VPC Flow Logs: Enable VPC flow logs to capture network traffic information. Analyzing flow logs can help identify any anomalies or potential issues.
5. Use VPC Peering and VPN Connection: If you have multiple VPCs or need to connect to on-premises resources, consider using VPC peering or VPN connections. These can provide secure and reliable connectivity.
6. Consult AWS Documentation and Community: If you encounter any issues that you can’t resolve, refer to the AWS documentation and community forums for guidance and support.
Remember, troubleshooting VPC issues requires a systematic approach and attention to detail. By following these tips, you can effectively diagnose and resolve any problems that may arise.
Best Practices for AWS VPC
Designing VPC Architecture
When designing the architecture for your AWS VPC, it is important to consider several factors. Scalability, security, and performance should be the key focus areas. Here are some best practices to keep in mind:
- Segmentation: Divide your VPC into smaller subnets to isolate different components and improve security.
- Availability Zones: Spread your resources across multiple availability zones to ensure high availability and fault tolerance.
- Routing: Configure route tables to control traffic flow between subnets and to the internet.
- Security Groups: Implement security groups to control inbound and outbound traffic at the instance level.
Tip: Regularly review and update your VPC architecture to align with your evolving business needs and security requirements.
By following these best practices, you can create a well-designed VPC architecture that meets your organization’s needs and ensures a secure and efficient network infrastructure.
When implementing security in your AWS VPC, it is important to follow best practices to protect your resources and data. Here are some key considerations:
- Network Access Control Lists (NACLs): NACLs act as a firewall for controlling inbound and outbound traffic at the subnet level. They provide an added layer of security by allowing or denying traffic based on rules you define.
- Security Groups: Security groups act as a virtual firewall for your instances. They control inbound and outbound traffic at the instance level and can be used to restrict access to specific ports or IP ranges.
- Encryption: Encrypting your data at rest and in transit adds an extra layer of security. AWS provides various encryption options, such as AWS Key Management Service (KMS) for managing encryption keys.
Tip: Regularly review and update your security configurations to ensure they align with your organization’s security policies and industry best practices.
When it comes to optimizing performance in your AWS VPC, there are several key factors to consider. Network latency is an important metric to monitor, as it can impact the responsiveness of your applications.
By strategically placing your resources closer to your users or implementing Content Delivery Networks (CDNs), you can reduce latency and improve performance.
Another aspect to consider is traffic patterns within your VPC. By analyzing the traffic flow and identifying any bottlenecks or congestion points, you can optimize your network architecture to ensure smooth data transfer.
In addition, scaling your VPC resources based on demand is crucial for maintaining optimal performance. By utilizing Auto Scaling groups and Elastic Load Balancers, you can automatically adjust the capacity of your resources to handle varying workloads.
Lastly, it’s important to regularly monitor your VPC for any performance issues or anomalies. AWS provides various monitoring tools such as CloudWatch and VPC Flow Logs that can help you identify and troubleshoot any issues that may arise.
To summarize, optimizing performance in your AWS VPC involves monitoring network latency, analyzing traffic patterns, scaling resources, and regularly monitoring for any performance issues.
In this article, we explored the process of creating an AWS VPC using Terraform. We discussed the overview of AWS VPC and the benefits of using it.
We also covered the steps for setting up an AWS account and configuring IAM roles and permissions. Additionally, we delved into the various components of a VPC, such as subnets, route tables, internet gateway, NAT gateway, security groups, and network ACLs.
We then walked through the process of creating a VPC, including defining the VPC CIDR block, creating subnets, configuring route tables, attaching an internet gateway, setting up security groups, and configuring network ACLs.
We also explored different methods of connecting to a VPC, such as VPC peering, VPN connection, and Direct Connect. Finally, we discussed best practices for managing VPC resources, including scaling, monitoring, and troubleshooting.
By following these best practices, you can design a secure and high-performing VPC architecture. Creating an AWS VPC using Terraform provides a flexible and efficient way to set up your network infrastructure on AWS.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is AWS VPC?
AWS VPC (Virtual Private Cloud) is a virtual network that enables you to launch AWS resources in a logically isolated section of the AWS Cloud.
What are the benefits of using AWS VPC?
Using AWS VPC provides several benefits, including enhanced security, complete control over the virtual network environment, the ability to customize network configuration, and seamless integration with other AWS services.
How do I create a VPC in AWS?
To create a VPC in AWS, you can use the AWS Management Console, AWS CLI (Command Line Interface), or infrastructure-as-code tools like Terraform. These tools allow you to define the VPC configuration, including CIDR blocks, subnets, route tables, and other components.
What is a subnet in AWS VPC?
A subnet is a range of IP addresses in your VPC. It is a subdivision of the VPC CIDR block and can be associated with a specific availability zone. Subnets are used to divide the VPC into smaller networks to isolate resources and provide better network management.
How does VPC peering work?
VPC peering allows you to connect two VPCs in the same or different AWS accounts. It enables the resources in the peered VPCs to communicate with each other using private IP addresses, as if they were part of the same network. VPC peering is a secure and low-latency connection.
What are the best practices for AWS VPC?
Some best practices for AWS VPC include designing the VPC architecture with scalability and fault tolerance in mind, implementing proper security measures such as using security groups and network ACLs, and optimizing performance by utilizing features like VPC endpoints and AWS Direct Connect.